History of Indo-Iranian Sunni Islam

1400 year old heredity reaching the glorious Prophet Muhammad (s)

إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّـهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا


Indeed God desires to repel all impurity from you oh People of the Household (of Prophet Muhammad) and purify you with a thorough purification.
(Quran 33:33)

Sectarian Orientation

Firqa:

Sunni

(Endorsing Abu Bakr, Omar, Uthman and Ali as the four holy pre-existential lights)

Aqeeda:

Salafiyya wa Athariyya

(Ultraorthodox Traditionalism)

Head of the Naqshbandi Sufi Order:

Mir Sayyid Israfeel/Raphael al Rafi Ishaan 

(incumbent)

Imam ul Madhab: 

Imam ul Madhab Ahmad ibn Hanbal al Shaibani (ra)

(through Imam Ahlul Bayt Imam Jafar al Sadiqs students Imam Abu Hanifa Imam Malik and Imam Shafii ra ajmain!)

Imam ul Tasawuf: 

Sheikh ul Shuyukh Imam ul Tasawuf Maruf Karkhi (ra)

(through Imamein ul AhlulBayt Ali ibn Musa al Ridha and Hasan al Askari)

Sheikh ul Shuyukh Bayazid Bastami (ra)

(Through Imam ul AhlulBayt Jafar Al Sadiq´s students)

Imam ul Taqlid wa Jihad:

Imam ul AhlulBayt Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani Al Amir ul Kabir

(Imam ul AhlulBayt of the time, Social Jihad through emphasis on intellectualism, polymathism as well as Hamadanist Diplomatic Excellence)

Interpretation of the 12 Emirs of Quraish:

Imam ul AhlulBayt wa ahlul Sunnah Sultan Abdul Qadir Gilani as teacher of the twelve Emirs of Quriash, which are:

Imam Moinuddin Chishti al Ajmeri
Imam Shahabuddin Suhrawardi
Imam Badiuddin Madar
Imam Najmuddin Kubra
Imam Uthman Qalandar
Imam Ahmad Badawi
Imam Adi ibn Musafir Umayyi
Imam Jalaluddin Rumi
Imam Ahmad Yasavi
Imam Al Shadhili
Imam Mohyuddin ibn Arabi
Imam Ahmad al Rifai


Imam ul Ahlul Bayt wa ahlul Sunnah Amir Bahauddin Naqshband 
as ultimate inheritor of the light of the 12 Imams of the Quraish
Title of Honor: Peacock of the Prophet´s family (Tawus Ale Muhammad)
(Crown: his ancestor Abdul Qadir Gilani, feathers on the back: all 12 Imams)
Succession: His descendants through Hazrat Ishaan

Sheikh ul Islam: 

Muhammad al-Bukhari (ra)

(through Imam Ahlul Bayt Imam Ali al Hadi)

Ibn Taimiyyah (ra)

(through Imam Ahlul bayt Sayyid Abdul Qadir Gilani´s school)

Amir Timur (ra)

(through Imam Ahlul Bayt Sayyid Bahauddin Naqshband)

Ahmad al-Faruqi (ra)

(through Imam Ahlul Bayt Sayyid Khwaja Khawand Mahmud)

Shahanshah Aurangzeb Alamgir (ra)

(Through his son in law Imam ul Ahlulbayt Sayyid Nizamuddin al Wali)

Muhammad bin Abdul Wahab al-Tamimi (ra)

(through the definition of "Naqshbandi Hanbalism" introduced by Imam Ahlul Bayt Amir Sayyid Kamaluddin al Shaheed ul Kamel)

Banners

The banner of the Ishaani Naqshbandi Sufi Order

The simple version of the banner of the order

Banner of the Khavand´s Chancellory

The Rightly guided Era

Foundation of Islam
(570-661)

Muhammad Al Mustafa

Islam started with the coming of the King of Kings, the chosen one prophecied one in the old and new testament, the glorious pride of mankind the holy Prophet Muhammad (God´s peace and salvation be upon him).

He was succeeded by his daughter Fatima and son in law Ali ibn Abi Talib

Abu Bakr al Siddiq

After the Prophet passed away his son in law Ali destined as successor in Ghadeer Khum, gave his oath of allegiance to the talented friend of the Prophet Caliph Abu Bakr. 

Caliph Ali gave his oath of allegiance freely on the occasion of Caliph Abu Bakr´s status as father in law of the Prophet and close friendship to the Prophet since his childhood. 

The Caliph Ali respected Abu Bakr as his senior and acted as his chancellor and member of the Senate of the 10.

Omar al Farooq

Caliph Abu Bakr was succeeded by another father of law of the King of Kings Prophet Muhammad, His majesty Caliph Omar, known as Omar the Great.

It was during Omar the great´s rule that Persia and half of the byzantine Empire was conquered. 

Caliph Ali acted as Chief Justice and Chancellor of the Caliph.

Uthman al Ghani

After the Martyrdom of Omar the Great, the Ten Mubashireen chose Uthman as successor as he had married two daughters of the Prophet. Thus he bears the title Dhul Nurayn.

During Caliph Uthman´s reign the Caliph Ali had been entrusted with the defense of the Caliphate.

Ali Al Murtadha

After the martyrdom of Caliph Uthman, the remaining ten Mubashireen chose Ali as Caliph.
He brought interior stability at Siffin and Nahrawan and solidified the Caliphate.
He was assasinated in 661 and brought to Khorasan to be buried at the blue mosque in Mazar Sharif.

The Revolutionary Era

A time of Expansion
(661-941)

Hasan al Mujtaba

Succeeding his father Ali ad Caliph, His Caliph Hasan entrusted the Caliphate to the Prophet´s (pbuh) brother in Law Amir Muawiyah.

However Caliph Hasan was assassinated by radical Shiites in Medinah that saw his friendship with Amir Muawiyah as a sign of betrayl.

He was succeeded by his brother Hussein.

Hussein al Shaheed

After his brother´s martyrdom, Imam Hussein acted as a well respected stateman under Caliph Muawiyah. However a coup d´état of Yezid the malicious son of Muawiyah lead to Imam Hussein establishing a revolutionary movement.

Imam Hussein was because of a betrayal of the people of Iraq´s Shiites martyred alongside his whole family. His son Ali Zayn ul Abideen survived.

Ali Al-Zayn ul Abideen

Ali Zayn ul Abideen was from his mother´s side a Persian Sassanisn Prince, coordinated after his father´s murder a revolution alongside his paternal uncle Muhammad ibn Hanafiyyah.
Both succeeded in killing Yezid´s inner circle and shakened his rule existentially.
Ali and his uncle Muhammad supported Marwan to become the Caliph upon which Ali and his uncle Muhammad lived a life as well respected statemen.

Muhammad Al-Baqer

Muhammad al-Baqer was well known as he was Hasanid from his mother´s side and Husseinid from his father´s.

He defined islamic legal sciences and taught together with his son the founder of the Hanafi Madhab The right Honorable Legal Scholar and Chief Justice Nu´man Ibn Thabit.

Jafar al Sadiq

Jafar al Sadiq was a descendant of the first Islamic Caliph Abu Bakr from his mother´s side. 

He expanded his father Muhammad al Baqir´s scholastical legacy and taught his father´s student Chief Justice Numan extensively together with Chief Justice Malik ibn Anas, the founder of the Maliki School of Law.

Jafar al Sadiq was additionally a genius and polymath and regarded as the founder of Chemistry.

Musa Al Kazim

Being imprisoned Musa ibn Jafar al Kazim was establishing a secret intelligence apparatus overseeing the affairs of the Abbasid Empire and influence global leaders.

One of his agents was the right honorable Behlool the wise, who mingled himself to the court of Harun Al Rashid to influence him.

Ali Al Reza

Ali ibn Musa ibn Jafar Al-Reza was chosen as Crown Prince of the Abbasid Caliphate by Ma´mun. 

The Crown Prince Ali Reza was a reknown Polymath following his grandfather and father´s footsetps and influenced statemen by promoting the Quranic teachings. One of his students was the sufi saint Maruf Karkhi.

Muhammad al Taqi

Muhamamd ibn Ali al Taqi took over his father´s legacy in the tender age of 8, when his father Crown Prince Ali Reza passed away.

He married Mamun´s daughter Princess Umm al Fadl, who could not berget a child on which occasion he married Samana, who bear his successor Ali al Naqi.

Muhammad Al- Taqi died in the age of 24 years.

Ali Al Naqi

Ali Al-Naqi followed his father in young leadership by becoming the head of house in the age of 7. 

His era was reknown for tensions between his tribe the Alids and the Abbasids on the occasion of various uprisings.

Ali supported his tribe and settled in Samarra.

Hasan al Askari

Hasan ibn Ali ibn Muhammad continued his father´s doctrine of strategic support of the Alid cause. 

He entrusted his great grandfather´s student the senior Maruf Karkhi with the guardianship of secret teachings of strategic affluence of the Alid Dynasty and ordered him to create a school to support his successors (The Baghdadi Sufi school).

Muhammad Al Mahdi

Muhammad al Mahdi, established the Alid revolution regarded as "Mahdi" by some followers because of his wisdom.

It was through his "lobbyistical" support that the Alid Emirates of Tabaristan, Nejd and the Fatimid Caliphate could be established. 

He was succeeded by his younger brother Sultan Ali Akbar, who established an Emirate in Termez, present day Uzbekistan. Those who reject his little brother´s succession are the Shiites.

The Alid Emirate of Termez

A microstate in Central Asia

(941-1078)

Sultan ul Saodat

The Alid Emirate of Termez was a microstate (similar as Monaco) in which His Majesty Sultan Ali the son of Hasan al Askari ruled as his brother´s vicegerent and successor.

He coordinated the succession procedure together with the Baghdadi Institute of Islamic Sciences (Hawza) that led to Sultan Abdul Qadir take over the Alid revolution.

The Renaissance

Alid Excellence under Sultan Abdul Qadir
(1078-1318)

Abdul Qadir Al Mohyuddin

The Iranian Alid Sultan Abdul Qadir is axiomatically believed to be the prophecied "Mohyuddin".

Sultan Abdul Qadir´s era was known as the Golden Era. The Hadith of the twelve leaders of Quraish is said to apply on him as his 12 disciples who were all from Quraish.

Abdul Razzaq Al Tajuddin

Sultan Abdul Razzaq bin Abdul Qadir expanded his father´s intellectual legacy and trained students in his academy from which Caliph Salahuddin Ayyubi will graduate. 

Jamalullah Al Imam ul Hayat

Jamalullah bin Abdul Razzaq bin Abdul Qadir, also known as Imam ul Hayat succeeded his father and preached the Alid revolution in Eastern Persia. 

During the Mongol invasions he was crucial in promoting islamic mission in an occultist manner. 

He appointed a pious female relative of his, who is known today as Sayyida Qadira Gilani as his successor.

Sayyida Qadira billah

Sayyida Qadira Billah Gilani was known for her piety within her family. She was leading the Prophet´s family centralized in Bokhara where she prepared her grandson Muhammad to take over the duties as her successor. Her offspring Muhammad´s title is today known as Bahauddin Naqshband.

The Imperial Pact

An era of climax in global political power
(1318-1823)

Muhammad Al Bahauddin

Muhammad Bahauddin was the grandson and successor of his beloved grandmother Sayyid Qadira Billah and a patrilineal descendant of the Emirs of Termez (see above).

He became politically powerful and influenced his disciple Timur to establish an Empire. Timur is today known as Amir Timur, the founder of the Gurganian Timurid Imperial Dynasty, which closed a pact with the family of Muhammad Bahauddin Naqshband.

Bahauddin Naqshband founded a Sufi Order named after him (known as the Naqshbandiyya) and was succeeded by his daughter Sayyida Zahra who married his most favourite disciple Sayyid Alauddin Atar.

Alauddin Al Atar

Sayyid Alauddin´s line of succession as goes on as follows:

Mir Sayyid Hasan
Mir Sayyid Hussein
Mir Sayyid Tajuddin
Mir Sayyid Muhammad
Mir Sayyid Ziauddin
Mir Sayyid Sharifuddin
Mir Sayyid Muhammad

Notable political leaders like Mehmed II the conqueror of Constantinople were members of the Naqshandi Sufi Order led by the household of the Sayyid Alauddin and his father in law Muhammad Bahauddin Naqshband (the founder).

His Imperial Highness 

Prince Mahmud bin Sharifuddin

Imam Mahmud Al Hujjat

His Highness Prince Mahmud bin Sharifuddin succeeded his older brother and predecessor H.H. Prince Muhammad bin Sharifuddin as Khavand of Bahauddin´s Naqshband´s family.

Prince Mahmud expanded the influence of his family in the Indian subcontinent where the Gurganiyan Timurids have re-established their dynasty as the Mughal Imperial household.

His Imperial Highness Prince Mahmud was the religious master of His Imperial Majesty Emperor Akbar. Akbar entrusted his son H.M. Emperor Jahangir under the tutillage of Prince Sayyid Mahmud bin Sharifuddin.

Prince Sayyid Mahmud bin Sharifuddin was since his time in Bokhara known as "Hazrat Ishaan" which translated means "His Sublime/Serene Highness". This title was confirmed by the Mughal Emperors and is until today used as his title of respect engraved in his mausoleum in Lahore.

Moinuddin Al Hadi

His Highness Prince Mahmud was succeeded by is son Prince Moinuddin, who married H.I.M. Emperor Jahangir´s daughter.

He and his descendants and successors ruled as Imperial Viceroys in Kashmir and Lahore.

His Highness Prince Moinuddin was succeeded by his two brothers H.I.H. Prince Bahauddin and Ahmad and also his following descendants:

H.I.H. Prince Nizamuddin (grandson), married H.I.M. Aurangzeb´s daughter
H.I.H. Prince Nooruddin (son)
H.I.H. Prince Kamaluddin (son)
H.I.H. Prince Mohyuddin (son)

On the occasion of a conspiracy against the Hazrat Ishaans by Hindus and Shiites H.I.H. Prince Kamaluddin and his sons were assasinated. His surviving son H.I.H. Prince Mohyuddin fled to Kabul and sided with the Barakzai tribe. He was succeeded by his daughter H.H. Princess Sayyeda.

The Modern Era

An era of Progressive  Excellence
(1823-today)

Sayyid Mir Jan Al Malek

The Mughal Princess Her Highness Princess Sayyeda married His Highness Prince Hasan, tribal Prince (Mir) of the Musavi Sayyids in Khorasan (Afganistan/Uzbekistan/Tajikistan). 

They have issued 5 sons and 6 daughters of whom His Imperial Highness Prince Sayyid Mir Jan succeded (picture) his parents. He became in his youth an Imam at the Prophet´s mosque in Medinah. He married a member of the Hashemite Sharif dynasty and migrated to India to preach Islam.

Hazrat Sayyid Mir Jan and his brother Hazrat Sayyid Mahmud Agha established islamic seminars at the memorial complex of their sublime family (picture) in which renommated scholars like Hazrat Sharqpuri became dedicated disciples of both.

Hazrat Sharqpuri crucially influenced Allama Iqbal, who was in toto influenced by Hazrat Sayyid Mir Jan Shah Saheb initiatives of flourishing Persian Culture in Lahore under the British. This is why Alama Iqbal is considered a student of Hazrat Sayyid Mir Jan Shah Saheb and his younger brother Hazrat Sayyid Mahmud Agha.

Many members of the Naqshbandi Sufi Order following Hazrat Sayyid Mir Jan Shah Saheb became crucial in the establishment of the State of Pakistan in the 1940s.

Sayyida Bibi Siddiqa succeeded both after their demise, expanding their initiatives.

She was succeeded by her little brother Chief Justice Mir Sayyid Fazlullah Agha.

Mir Sayyid Fazlullah Agha was known as a guide of His Imperial Majesty Sultan Abdülhamit II of the Ottoman Empire as well as chief Justice of the Emirate of Afghanistan.

After the demise of Mir Sayyid Fazlullah his son His Highness Prince Sayyid Mir Muhammad Jan took over the leadership.

The Tribal Prince and General Sayyid Mir Muhammad Jan gave based on an oath on the Quran his daughter in marriage to his son in law His Royal Highness Prince Abdul Khaliq Telai of the Barakzai dynasty of Afghanistan.

Prince Abdul Khaliq was UN Ambassador. Sayyid Mir Muhammad Jan is succeeded by his daughter Her Royal Highness Princess Rahima in 1955.

Raphael Al Rafi Ishaan

Prince Sayyid Raphael is Princess Sayyida Rahima´s grandson and the only one descending from Mir Muhammad Jan from both sides.

He is working on the re-establishment of the Afghan Monarchy together with his disciples and partners worldwide.

His disciples include members of the European Bourgeoisie as well as the Pakistani Oligarchy.